Κυριακή, 5 Φεβρουαρίου 2017

LETROZOLE NOT BETTER THAN ANASTRAZOLE

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Smith et al, the final results of the phase III FACE trial showed no difference in disease-free or overall survival for adjuvant letrozole vs anastrozole in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive node-positive early breast cancer.
Study Details
In this open-label trial, 4,172 women from 271 international sites had stage IIA to IIIC invasive cancer and were within 12 weeks of breast surgery or completion of adjuvant chemotherapy. They were randomized between December 2005 and March 2008 to receive adjuvant letrozole at 2.5 mg (n = 2,061) or anastrozole at 1 mg (n = 2,075) once per day for 5 years or until disease recurrence. Randomization was stratified by the number of involved lymph nodes and HER2 status. The primary endpoint was 5-year disease-free survival in the intent-to-treat population.
For the letrozole vs anastrozole groups: median age was 62 years in both (40% ≥ 65 years in both); 86% vs 87% were white; World Health Organization performance status was 0 or 1 in 99% in both; 98% vs 99% were estrogen receptor–positive, 80% vs 79% were progesterone receptor–positive, and 11% and 12% were HER2-positive; the number of involved lymph nodes was 1 to 3 in 72% vs 71% and ≥ 4 in 28% and 29%; tumor stage was T0 or T1 in 47% and 46% and T2 in 44% vs 45%; and prior therapy consisted of radiotherapy in 32% vs 30% and adjuvant chemotherapy in 63% vs 61%.
Outcomes
Median duration of follow-up was 65 months. The 5-year estimated disease-free survival rate was 84.9% in the letrozole group vs 82.9% in the anastrozole group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.93, P = .3150). Median disease-free survival was not reached in either group.
Exploratory analysis showed similar 5-year disease-free survival with letrozole vs anastrozole in all evaluated subgroups, including among HER2-positive (86.5% vs 78.9%, HR = 0.69 , 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.45–1.06) and HER2-negative patients (84.7% vs 83.4%, HR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.82–1.13) and patients with 1 to 3 positive nodes (88.7% vs 87.8%, HR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.82–1.23) and ≥ 4 positive nodes (75.1% vs 70.9%, HR = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.69–1.06), as well as among subgroups according to body mass index, tumor stage, receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy, and study region.
The 5-year estimated overall survival was 89.9% vs 89.2% (HR = 0.98, P = .7916). Median overall survival was not reached in either group; at final analysis, death had occurred in 11.4% vs 11.7% of patients. Median time to distant metastases was not reached in either group; distant metastases occurred in 10.8% of patients in both groups (HR for the time to distant metastases = 0.99, P = .9391). No difference in distant disease-free survival was observed (event rate = 15.7% vs 16.2%, H = 0.96, P = .6204). Distant recurrence was observed in 11% of both groups, with similar sites of metastasis in both. Secondary malignancies occurred in 4.1% vs 4.8% of patients.
Adverse Events
The most common adverse events of any grade in the letrozole vs anastrozole groups were arthralgia (48% vs 48%), hot flushes (33% vs 32%), fatigue (17% vs 17%), osteoporosis (11% vs 11%), myalgia (11% vs 10%), and back pain (10% vs 9%). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events were arthralgia (3.9% vs 3.3%), hypertension (1.2% vs 1.0%), hot flushes (0.8% vs 0.4%), myalgia (0.8% vs 0.7%), dyspnea (0.8% vs 0.5%), and depression (0.8% vs 0.6%). Adverse events led to discontinuation of treatment in 15.1% vs 14.3% of patients and dose interruption or reduction in 8.2% vs 7.7%. Serious adverse events considered related to treatment occurred in 2.6% vs 2.3%. Death occurred in 2.0% vs 2.2% of patients; causes other than disease progression included cardiac failure (six vs two patients), pulmonary embolism (two vs four patients), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (one vs four patients).
The investigators concluded: “Letrozole did not demonstrate significantly superior efficacy or safety compared with anastrozole in postmenopausal patients with [hormone receptor]–positive, node-positive [early breast cancer].”

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