WEEKLY IMPORTANT NEWS FROM MEDSCAPE AND OTHER SOURCES
Σάββατο, 1 Απριλίου 2017
NO BENEFIT OF ADJUVANT TREATMENT IN HIGH RISK RENAL CANCER
In an analysis of the phase III ASSURE trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Haas et al found no disease-free or overall survival benefit of adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) or sorafenib (Nexavar) vs placebo in a high-risk subset of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma histology and pT3, pT4, or node-positive disease. No disease-free survival benefit with adjuvant therapy was observed among all patients in ASSURE, the largest adjuvant study of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitors to date in this setting. Another recent trial showed a disease-free survival benefit with sunitinib in a similar high-risk population.
The current analysis included 1,069 high-risk patients from U.S. and Canadian cooperative groups participating in the trial. Patients had been randomized to receive 1 year of daily sunitinib at 50 mg, sorafenib at 800 mg, or placebo. The study drug doses were amended for intolerance to sunitinib (37.5 mg) and sorafenib (400 mg), with mandatory dose escalation in the absence of serious adverse events.
Among these patients, 358 (68% men, 32% women) received sunitinib, 355 (70% men, 30% women) received sorafenib, and 356 (71% men, 29% women) received placebo.
Disease-Free and Overall Survival
Five-year disease-free survival rates were 47.7% with sunitinib (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.94, P = .54, vs placebo), 49.9% with sorafenib (HR = 0.90, P = .30, vs placebo), and 50.0% with placebo. Five-year overall survival rates were 75.2% with sunitinib (HR = 1.06, P = .66), 80.2% with sorafenib (HR = 0.80, P = .12), and 76.5% with placebo. There were no differences in these outcomes for sunitinib or sorafenib vs placebo in analysis by dose-intensity quartile.
The investigators concluded: “Neither prognostic category of the tumor nor dose intensity of therapy altered the lack of difference in [disease-free survival] or [overall survival] in this population of patients with high-risk [clear-cell renal cell carcinoma].”
The study was supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute and the Department of Health and Human Services.